The Offer of Institute for Renewable Energy concerning production and use of biogas Print

The Institute for Renewable Energy employs a group of experts who have extensive knowledge and experience in the field of biogas utilisation, which was gained during various research projects and co-operation with Polish developers, investors and operators of biogas plants in Poland as well operators of transportation floats for alternative fuels among others for biogas. The offer of the Institute contains the following items:

Biogas events:

The Biogas Investments Database 2012

Agricultural biogas plants utilizing substrates of vegetable or animal origin are rapidly growing energy sector of renewable energy in Poland.

The Biogas Investments Database is a cyclic publication of the Institute of Renewable Energy, appearing in the form of market reports on average every 6 months, as the result of kept constantly since 2009  monitoring of this emerging market.

Current issue contains now more than 580 records describing the locations of existing, ongoing and planned biogas plant in Poland, as well as the most important related market summaries and statistics.

Recent VI-th edition (first available in english version) of Biogas Investments Databases of March 2012 contains assess of the agricultural biogas potential in 2020 and level of its use in 2012, a set of up to date summaries of the state of market development and detail statistics concerning the number of investments in individual provinces and their installed capacity, as well as preferences of investors concerning the use of substrates and summary of the most active entities involved in the implementation of biogas projects on the Polish market.

Summary of ongoing investment in the provinces includes:

  • the location of investment by province, district, commune and locality,
  • electrical and thermal installed power of the plant project,
  • information on entities involved in the (developer, investor, a supplier of technology, the construction company),
  • stage of investment (operating biogas plants, investment in the initial phase of implementation, advanced projects)

We note that the publication is available in pdf format. Full details about the projects, in particular low advanced investments, may not be available <more>


Going through the investment process is  usually  based on a "learning by doing" principle, thus there is a need to implement foreign experiences, especially backed up by good first-hand case studies. The biogas sector in Poland needs to be considered in a broader perspective of the EU Climate Package "3 x 20%" and in particular the 2009/28/EC Directive. It is expected that the acceptance by the European Commission of the Polish "National Action Plan for RES by 2020," due June 2010; will stabilize the support system for biogas sector.  For the investors it is, therefore, important both to monitor the market in other countries, as well as to know the domestic framework support system.

Legislative changes strengthening the position of RES for the CHP-units were introduced by the Act of 8 January 2010, i.a. introducing a new  definition of agricultural biogas. According to the definition biogas is a gas fuel derived from agricultural raw materials, agricultural products, liquid or solid manure, by-products or residues of agro-food industry or forest biomass in the process of methane fermentation. This means that biogas can be produced from variety of organic substrates ensuring efficient digestion.

RES-E generation has been mainly supported by the tradable green certificate (TGC) quota scheme and the purchase obligation. The support mechanism consists of an obligation imposed on energy companies selling electricity to end users to obtain and present for redemption to the Energy Regulator (URE) a specified number of certificates of origin, or to pay a substitution fee on average. These certificates can be traded either on the bilateral basis or on the Warsaw Commodity Exchange. Failure to comply with this legislation leads to the enforcement of a penalty, which amounts to 130% of the substitution fee. Without fees and penalties the income for the RES producer is the average electricity price plus a green certificate bonus.  The TGC support mechanism does not distinguish between sizes of different technologies and as a result is not favorable for small capital intensive installations. An additional support tool is the  excise tax exemption for RES-E.

The amended Energy Law  clearly resolved the issue of merging of certificates for CHP:  cogeneration certificates can be obtained in addition to the green certificates for renewable electricity: yellow certificates for high efficiency cogeneration below 1 MWe and purple certificates above 1 MWe.

A new thing is also the  possibility to obtain the so-called. brown certificates of origin for agricultural biogas produced and fed to the natural gas network.

In order to obtain a brown certificates  the plant should be registers at the Agricultural Market Agency and then submit the application to URE, additionally endorsed by the gas distribution system operator (OSDg).

Soon a new regulation implementing the amendments to the Energy Law, which will ensure security and smooth functioning of the certification scheme. It should define the quality parameters of biogas and its measurement, registration and calculation method of the amount of agricultural biogas produced (conversion to electricity equivalents) and the connection conditions of biogas plants to natural gas networks. The biomathane for grid market will start in Poland from 2011.

Last Updated on Monday, 27 October 2014 13:45